Fredrik Marinus Kruseman Art ⓖ thegallerist.art

Paintings by Fredrik Marinus Kruseman

Fredrik Marinus Kruseman (12 July 1816 – 25 May 1882,) was a Dutch painter who specialized in Romantic style landscapes.

Fredrik Marinus Kruseman was born in Haarlem, 12th July 1816 to a family, which included a number of artists amongst their relatives, including Jan Adam Kruseman, Director of the Academy of Art in Amsterdam. This latter artist’s tutor had been Jan Reekers (1790-1858) and it was to him also that Fredrik was apprenticed. He subsequently studied under Nicolaas Roosenboom (1805-1880), the former pupil and son-in-law of Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870) and in 1837 received instruction in Kleve from Barend Cornelis Koekkoek (1803-1862).

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Idealism and Theory of the Forms


Idealism and Theory of the Forms

One of the questions that has faced and continues to face some of the philosophers of the world is ‘What is reality?’ Plato addresses this question in his doctrine, the Theory of Forms. In an attempt to answer this question, he explains what the Forms are and how they affect the way the world is observed. These so-called Forms are the basis of the reality we perceive. The question one must ask him or her self is what are these forms, where do they come from, and how do they affect us as a society.’ A Platonic Form (Idea) is not a thought in someone’s mind but something that exists per se as an immutable part of the structure of reality.’

Allegory of the cave
This statement is the foundation of Plato’s philosophy. He believed that besides the material world we live in and of which we experience; there is another world, an eternal world of concepts, or Forms. This eternal world is more real than the world we experience through the senses (or Empirical knowledge – knowledge based on our senses), and it is the object of knowledge, pure knowledge, not opinion. What Plato means by the Forms is that they are the essential archetypes of things, having an eternal existence, apprehended by the mind, not the senses, for it is the mind that beholds “real existence, colorless, formless, and intangible, they are behind the way we see the world. In other words, they control the images and ideas that are presented to us.

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